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Early identification and referral of organ donors in five private hospitals: A survey to determine the knowledge and views of critical care professional nurses pre and post a PowerPoint training intervention

L Prins, L Human

Abstract


Background. Internationally, the declining number of organ donors does not meet the rising demand for life-saving solid organ transplant operations. Critical care professional nurses play an important role in the identification of organ donors. A deeper understanding is needed of the missed opportunities of identification and referral of potential organ donors to organ transplant co-ordinators in the critical care environment. 

Objectives. To describe the knowledge and views of critical care professional nurses (CCPNs) in South Africa concerning the early identification and referral of organ donors, and to describe the short-term effect of implementing a PowerPoint training intervention on nurses’ knowledge in this domain. 

Methods. A mixed method, experimental, exploratory, descriptive study design was followed. Critical care professional nurses in seven intensive care units at five private hospitals completed a data collection instrument comprising 11 quantitative and three qualitative questions, before and after completing a PowerPoint training intervention. The post test was done directly after the training intervention due to the environment of nursing shift work. 

Results. A total of 173 (79%) CCPNs participated, from a population of 218. The median (interquartile range) score for all participants increased from 60% (48 - 76) prior to the PowerPoint training intervention, to 96% (88 - 96) after the intervention (p<0.0001). Three main themes emerged from the qualitative questions: stress experienced by the CCPNs during the organ donor process (62%); inadequate collaboration between doctors and nurses (34%); and the need for a policy (9%) to guide the donor referral process. 

Conclusion. CCPNs’ knowledge regarding the early identification and referral of potential organ donors increased significantly following a targeted PowerPoint training intervention. The identified themes suggest that CCPNs require support in order to effectively communicate with the donor’s family and medical staff. 

 


Authors' affiliations

L Prins, Transplant Division, Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

L Human, Transplant Division, Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

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Cite this article

Southern African Journal of Critical Care 2019;35(2):48-55. DOI:10.7196/SAJCC.2019.v35i2.370

Article History

Date submitted: 2019-11-07
Date published: 2019-11-07

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